Spitsbergen, Norway Overview
Spitsbergen is the largest and only permanently populated island of the Svalbard archipelago in Norway. Constituting the westernmost bulk of the archipelago, it borders the Arctic Ocean, the Norwegian Sea, and the Greenland Sea. Spitsbergen covers an area of 39,044 km2 (15,075 sq mi), making it the largest island in Norway and the 36th-largest in the world. The administrative centre is Longyearbyen. Other settlements, in addition to research outposts, are the Russian mining community of Barentsburg, the research community of Ny-Ålesund, and the mining outpost of Sveagruva.
The island was first used as a whaling base in the 17th and 18th centuries, after which it was abandoned. Coal mining started at the end of the 19th century and several permanent communities were established. The Svalbard Treaty of 1920 recognized Norwegian sovereignty and established Svalbard as a free economic zone and a demilitarized zone.
The Norwegian Store Norske and the Russian Arktikugol remain the only mining companies. Research and tourism have become important supplementary industries, featuring among others the University Centre in Svalbard and the Svalbard Global Seed Vault. No roads connect the settlements; instead snowmobiles, aircraft, and boats serve as local transport. Svalbard Airport, Longyear provides the main point of entry and exit.
Detailed Map of Spitsbergen, Norway
Top Things to Do in Spitsbergen, Norway, from a Cruise Ship - Created by BoostVacations.com Staff
Top Things to Do in Spitsbergen, Norway, from a Cruise Ship - Feel free to add, vote or provide feedback to the list
Magdalenefjorden is an 8 km long and up to 5 km wide fjord between Reuschhalvøya and Hoelhalvøya, Albert I Land, on the west coast of Spitsbergen, the largest island in the Svalbard archipelago. It is large enough to accommodate even the largest of cruise ships which are even able to turn through 180 degrees in the fjord.
Top Videos for Cruise Destination Spitsbergen, Norway–Created by BoostVacations.com Staff
Top Videos for Cruise Destination Spitsbergen, Norway– Created by BoostVacations.com Staff. Feel Free to add, vote or provide feedback to the list.
Costa Luminosa calls on Spitsbergen, Norway, 2009
On July 17th 2009 the just inaugurated cruise ship called on Longyearbyen miners' town at Spitsbergen. Also seen are glaciers of the nearby Magdalenafiord
Svalbard Spitsbergen Longyearbyen Barentsburg - National Hymne of Norway
Het noordelijkste puntje van de wereld. Via Oslo naar Spitsbergen en daar vandaag een expeditie tocht richting Barentsburg (Rusland) en de Noordpool. Begeleid met volksliederen van Noorwegen en Rusland (bij Barentsburg). juni 2002.
Sailing Around Spitsbergen Norway Time Lapse Video using GoPro Hero3
Here's an interested time lapse video made aboard a ship cruising through the icy waters of Spitsbergen, Norway. It's cool to see the ship navigate and break through ice, while the passengers get off the ship to explore the land. This timelapse was made using a simple GoPro Hero3 camera.
Travel in Arctic Svalbard. Sighting of polar bears on ice flow.
Cruise Iceland, Spitsbergen and Norway
Cruise Iceland, Spitsbergen and Norway
Boat in the Kongsfjord - Spitsbergen - Svalbard - Norway
The noise you ear is due to the ice the boat is shooting. We were reaching a place for geological and biological investigations.
Spitsbergen is governed by Norway. Russia has mining rights there. Spitsbergen lies halfway between Norway and the North Pole. It`s about 600 miles from the 80th parallel to the North Poloe.
Back-scratching seal on Spitsbergen
Harbor seal sighted at the foot of Tuna Glacier on Spitsbergen, Norway
Panorama in motion - 180° panorama of Magdalena Fjord, Spitsbergen
The morning mist clears lazily as it slowly reveals the untouched landscape of the 8 kilometer long Magdalene Fjord. Situated on the northwest coast of the island Spitsbergen (Norway) we find ourselves less than 1000 kilometres away from the icy North Pole.
We were invited to sail through the Arctic with Doug Stoup of Ice Axe Expeditions in the spring of 2011. For seven nights we explored fjords and skied virgin terrain while living aboard the Jonathan IV. The trip was incredible and we put together a promo video for Ice Axe in thanks for our invitation.